Electoral college votes by state
In most states, electoral votes are distributed on a winner-takes-all basis. In Maine and Nebraska, the electoral votes can be split between candidates.
House of Representatives
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Joe Biden was elected president of the US, winning the battleground state of Pennsylvania to reach the 270 votes needed to secure a majority in the electoral college. Donald Trump rejected the outcome, saying his opponent was “rushing to falsely pose as the winner”.
Control of the Senate came down to two Georgia elections that were decided in run-offs on January 5. In one of the two races, Democrat Raphael Warnock defeated the Republican incumbent Kelly Loeffler. In the other race, Democratic candidate Jon Ossoff has a narrow lead over Republican incumbent David Perdue. If Republicans win either race, they will retain control of the Senate. If Democrats win both races, they will control an evenly-divided Senate through the casting vote of incoming vice-president Kamila Harris.
The Democrats have maintained control of House of Representatives with a reduced majority.
Are the candidates performing as expected?Electoral votes by state
Solid Democrat (203 electoral votes in total)
Leaning Democrat (23 electoral votes in total)
Toss-up (187 electoral votes in total)
Leaning Republican (48 electoral votes in total)
Solid Republican (77 electoral votes in total)
Which states have flipped?
States won by Joe Biden that Donald Trump won in 2016
No states have been won by Donald Trump that Hillary Clinton won in 2016
The FT 2020 results page displays US presidential, Senate and House races as called by the Associated Press. We categorise states into “expected” categories based on pre-election polls. States where the difference in poll numbers between Biden and Trump is more than 10 percentage points are classified as states we expect to be solidly in favour of one candidate. States where the race is within 5 percentage points and states that Trump won by less than a percentage point in 2016 are classified as expected ‘toss-up’ states. If a state had less than two polls in the 60 days prior to election day, we use the Cook Political Report Electoral College Ratings to assign it a rating. We consider Cook’s ‘likely’ and ‘lean’ states ‘leaning’.
Party breakdown numbers for the outgoing Senate include two Independents who caucus with Democrats as Democrats. Party breakdown numbers for the outgoing House of Representatives do not include five vacant seats and one Libertarian. Historical presidential results data comes from the Federal Election Commission and Daily Kos.
Reporting, data analysis, design and development by David Blood, Max Harlow, Joanna S Kao, Emma Lewis, Caroline Nevitt, Ændrew Rininsland, Martin Stabe, Cale Tilford and Christine Zhang. Additional work by Fan Fei, Brooke Fox, Keith Fray, Sarah Habershon, Eli Meixler, Jane Pong, and Aleksandra Wisniewska.